11 strokes
Jouyou kanji
Taught in 11th grade

formerly, once, before, ever, never, ex-

  • かつ
  • かつて
  • すなわち
  • ソウ
    great (i.e. great-grandson, great-grandmother)
  • ゾウ

Main Radical


Reading Commonality


Character Breakdown

formerly, once, before
ソ ソウ かつ (11th)
to divide
rice field, rice paddy
た デン たん (1st, N4)
day, sun, Japan
ひ ニチ にっ (1st, N5)

Contained In

Common Words

Kiso valley section of the Nakasendo
Kiso horse (Japanese indigenous horse breed)
More Words...


Unicode hex code 66FD
JIS X 0208 1-33-30
Haig, J. New Nelson Japanese-English Character Dictionary 2464
Halpern, J. Kodansha Kanji Dictionary 2632
Halpern, J. Kanji Learners Dictionary (Kodansha), 2nd edition (2013) 1823
Heisig, J. Remembering The Kanji 501
Heisig, J. Remembering The Kanji, Sixth Ed. 540
Gakken A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage 1482
O'Neill, P.G. Japanese Names 1477
Maniette, Y. Les Kanjis dans la tete 513
Tuttle Dictionary Descriptor Code 2o9.3
Four corner code 8060.6