10 strokes
Jouyou kanji
Taught in 7th grade
JLPT exam level N2

trouble, worry, in pain, distress, illness

  • なや to be worried, to be troubled
  • なやます to afflict, to torment, to harass
  • なやましい seductive, carnal, enchanting
  • なやみ
  • ノウ

Main Radical


Character Breakdown

trouble, worry, in pain
なや.む ノウ なやみ (7th, N2)
heart, standing heart radical variant (no. 61)
シン こころ
villain, evil, bad luck
キョウ (7th, N1)
mow, cut grass, subdue
ガイ ゲ おさ.める (Kentei 1)
open box enclosure, open box radical (no. 17)
カン (Kentei 1)


Unicode hex code 60A9
JIS X 0208 39-26
Nelson, A. Classic Nelson 1698
Haig, J. New Nelson Japanese-English Character Dictionary 1867
Halpern, J. New Japanese-English Character Dictionary 421
Halpern, J. Kodansha Kanji Dictionary 504
Halpern, J. Kanji Learners Dictionary (Kodansha) 313
Halpern, J. Kanji Learners Dictionary (Kodansha), 2nd edition (2013) 380
Heisig, J. Remembering The Kanji 1935
Heisig, J. Remembering The Kanji, Sixth Ed. 2085
Gakken A New Dictionary of Kanji Usage 992
O'Neill, P.G. Essential Kanji 1617
Morohashi Daikanwajiten 10716P
Henshall, K. A Guide To Remembering Japanese Characters 1680
Spahn and Hadamitzky Kanji and Kana 1279
Spahn and Hadamitzky Kanji and Kana (2011 edition) 1353
Hodges & Okazaki Japanese Kanji Flashcards 541
Kask, A. Tuttle Kanji Cards 1336
Nishiguchi & Kono Kanji in Context 1110
Kodansha Kodansha Compact Kanji Guide 817
Maniette, Y. Les Kanjis dans la tete 1954
Tuttle Dictionary Descriptor Code 4k7.11
Four corner code 9207.2
De Roo Code 1175